There has been horse racing of sorts for numerous several years. Horse racing started in Assyria in c. 1500 B.C. and Chariot Racing was a popular event in Roman Times. It was in truth the Romans who are thought to have ran the first horse race in the UK, nevertheless the first actual tape-recorded occasion of a meeting was in 1174, this occurred at a horse fair in the north-west part of London called Smithfield.
The Royal Family are behind many of the historic advancements that formed and changed racing throughout the years, with Henry II importing horses specifically for breeding and Charles II being the first to present a set of rules in 1664 (for the Newmarket Town Plate). It remained in 1752 the Jockey Club formed and penned The Rules of Racing.
First horse races
The Derby is the earliest flat race having begun in 1780 at the Earl of Derby's estate in Epsom, it was worked on a sweepstakes basis and is still naturally being run every year now, as is the Grand National which was first run in 1856, nevertheless the first documented national hunt (as we know it now) race remained in Cork, Ireland in 1752, it was a 4 miles 5 furlongs contest between 2 church steeples and that is the factor the term 'steeplechase' was coined.
Function and types of horse racing
The function of a H.race is to identify the fastest of 2 or more horses over a specific range with the first horse to cross the winning line being the winner.
Horse Racing Classifications - Flat
In the UK and Ireland there are three variations of race classifications. The first is Flat Racing, where horses run over a range between 5 furlongs and 2 miles 6 furlongs on turf. The flat season starts in March and goes through to November with varying quality of races with Group 1 contests being the highest. The youngest horses completing on the flat are 2 years old.
Horse Racing Classifications - All Weather
All Weather condition Racing is the 2nd race category and resembles flat racing aside from contests occur on a synthetic surface, which can be used throughout the year (hence the name All Weather condition). Much of the All Weather H.racing tracks also have floodlit tracks meaning they can offer night racing.
Horse Racing Classifications - National Hunt
The 3rd category is National Hunt where horses contend on turf over longer ranges varying from 1 mile 6 furlongs (very minimal number of junior bumper races) and 4 miles 4 furlongs. Within National Hunt there are further classification types, these are Bumpers (also called National Hunt Flat races) where there are no obstacles and are aimed at giving horses the experience of contending on a race track, Chases after where the rivals should clear fences and Difficulties where they need to leap difficulties. This means for instance that you can have a handicap chase or a maiden hurdle and so on. The distinction in between a fence and an obstacle is quite significant with a fence being sturdier and greater. A hurdle race will Geeky Bonus Malta just include obstacles whereas a chase can include a range of barriers including water dives and ditches along with fences.
Horse Racing Category
Within each category of racing there are different kinds of contests based on a horse's experience and ability. Usually races are categorised by an age (for example 4 years of age+) and/or an official ranking bracket (a rating provided to each horse by the handicapper based on its performance to this day). Maiden races are for horses who have not yet won a race. Handicaps are when a horse is weighted based on its previous capability - in an ideal world, a handicap must lead to all horses crossing the finish line at the same time. Nursery races are handicap races on the flat/all weather for two years of age horses. Non handicaps are when all horses carry the same weight (although this figure can be changed based upon penalties used as set out in the race terms - for instance the guidelines might state that all horses will carry 9 stone however that an extra weight of 3 pounds will be applied to horses who have actually won in the last 6 weeks).